Sustainable Transport Project For Egypt


Sustainable Transport Project for Egypt (STP )

Project ID :

00054348 PIMS 3523 CC-FSP

Start Date :

January 2009


Seven Years 2009: 2015


44 million US $ = 7 million US $ funded by GEF/UNDP + 37 million US $ local contribution by the Egyptian Government & Private Sector .

Implementing Partner (Executing Agency) Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency / Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs (EEAA / MoSEA).
Technical Support: Development Research & Technological Planning Center (DRTPC), Cairo University
Main Stakeholders:

Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Housing and New Urban Communities, Ministry of Interior, Cairo, Guiza, Fayoum, Monofia, Giza & Cairo Governorates, and private sector.

The population of Egypt is growing by some 1 to 1.5 million people per year and is expected to reach 80 million by 2015. Together with the growing economy, this is inevitably putting more pressure on the country’s transportation system, increasing the energy use of the transport sector and the related greenhouse gas emissions.

The problems are particularly acute in the Greater Cairo area, one of the world’s mega-cities with a population of more than 17 million and where the demand for mobility has greatly outpaced the capacity of the public transportation system to cope. The gap has been primarily filled with private owned and operated shared taxis (so called informal transport) and the use of private cars. Consequently, congestion has become a major problem and the air quality has deteriorated to an alarming level. It has been estimated that between 10,000 and 25,000 deaths a year in Cairo can be attributed to air pollution, to which transport is one of the main contributors.

By continuing the current baseline development with the increasing population and the increasing use of private vehicles and shared taxis at the expense of more efficient public transport modes, the average trip speed of all the modes will drop from current 19.0 km/h to 11.6 km/h in 2022 and the average commuting time will increase from the current 37 minutes to 100 minutes in 2022. In practice, this would mean that all the major roads in Greater Cairo would be fully congested all day with the obvious negative economic and environmental impacts. The annual GHG emissions in this baseline scenario have been estimated to increase from the current 12.2 million tons of CO2 up to 15.9 million tons of CO2, while in the alternative scenario promoting more effective use of public transportation and related transport demand management through a combination of different measures, the GHG emissions would only raise up to 13.6 million tons of CO2.


The Sustainable Transport Project for Egypt aims to reduce the growth of the energy consumption and the related greenhouse gas emissions of the transport sector in Egypt, while simultaneously mitigating the local environmental and other problems of increasing traffic such as deteriorated urban air quality and congestion by: 1) initiating the concept for the development of new, integrated transport services for Greater Cairo and its satellite cities on the basis of public-private partnerships; 2) promoting non-motorized transport in medium sized provincial cities; 3) introducing new traffic demand management measures; 4) improving the energy efficiency of freight transport; and 5) enhancing the awareness and capacity of local professionals on different aspect of sustainable transport and strengthening the institutional basis to promote sustainable transport during and after the project.

The Sustainable Transport Project for Egypt shall initiate the work through concrete well designed pilot projects, the strategy of the project is, on the one hand, to demonstrate the rationality, feasibility and direct benefits of selected sustainable transport actions, thereby gradually building up the broader policy support and, on the other hand, to demonstrate the need for and to provide a platform for addressing the more fundamental policy and institutional development needs to facilitate their effective replication.

The role of the project on the financing side depends on the component under consideration. While for some components, GEF shares the first pilot project costs, in other components trying to engage the private sector to produce sustainable transport services, the role of GEF support will be more on risk-sharing. Encouraging and demonstrating the use of public-private partnerships in financing sustainable transport actions will be an important element also in other project components.

Project Officer:

Dr. Mohamed Bayoumi, Assistant Resident Representative, UNDP, Cairo Office.

Project Director:

Eng. Ahmed Abou El-Seoud, Chief Executive Officer, EEAA.

Project National Coordinator: Dr. Mona Kamal, Head of Environmental Quality Sector, EEAA.

Project Manager:

Eng. Mohamed Fathy, UNDP / EEAA.


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